Cataract Serous Retinopathy is a condition in which fluid accumulate behind retina. The incidence of this disease is increasing day by day due to lifestyle of the patient.
The patient presents with decrease in vision of one eye. This dimness of vision may be mild or profound. Sometimes patient cannot see straight line properly and they appear wavy to them. There is no pain or redness in the affected eye.
When patient goes to eye specialist he has to dilate the pupil to examine the retina properly. When retina is examined there is fluid accumulation at back of retina or posture pole.
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has to be done to know the quantity of fluid at back.
FFA – Fundus Fluorescein Angiography is done to know the leakage site. It is very important to know the point at which leakage is occurring so that it can be sealed effectively with green laser.
When leakage site is identified it is important to see if it is very near to Fovea (seeing spot) then retina specialist has to wait for its spontaneous closure.
The green laser if possible should be done carefully by retina specialist. The leakage point should be effectively sealed so that more leakage does not occur. However the fluid collected will go slowly. It is important to be patient in this disease as impatience increase the disease.
It is more common in people who are stressed out or are Type A personalities.
Smoking has direct correlation with this disease. Serial investigation by OCT helps is known if the disease is progressing or not.
Regular checkup of such patient is very important as it is recurs in many patients wither at same location or different location. Maintain a healthy lifestyle is important to stabilize this diseases.