Causes, Treatment & Symptoms of Trachoma

Trachoma is a microbial infection of the eye caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. It is a disease that may be transmitted through contact with an affected person’s eyes, eyelids, nasal and throat secretions, as well as by using their towels and handkerchiefs. The best eye hospital in Punjab will assist you in treating your trachoma if you consult with them.

What is Trachoma:  Trachoma is an eye infection caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. It can also be transmitted through contact with affected objects, including handkerchiefs. Initially, trachoma might cause slight itching and inflammation of the eyes and eyelids. Then, it can progress to swollen eyelids and discharge from the eyes. Untreated trachoma may lead to blindness.

Causes of Trachoma:  Trachoma is caused by certain subtypes of Chlamydia trachomatis, a bacterium that can also cause the sexually transmitted infection chlamydia. Trachoma spreads through contact with discharge from the eyes or nose of an affected person. Hands, clothing, towels, and insects can all serve as routes for transmission. In developing regions, eye-seeking flies are also a means of transmission.

Trachoma Symptoms:  Symptoms of trachoma include:
– Irritation or itching in the eyes or eyelids
– Eye pain
– Light sensitivity
– Blurred vision

As the infection progresses, there may be damage to the internal lining of the eyelid. The eyelashes can turn inward, scratching the cornea. This condition is known as trichiasis. If trichiasis is not treated, it can lead to corneal ulcers.

Treatment for Trachoma:   A single dose of an antibiotic (azithromycin) is the prescribed treatment for everyone with trachoma.
– This antibiotic is recommended for the contact of the individual being treated. Contacts are defined as anyone living and/or sleeping in the same place as someone with trachoma. If the individual lives or sleeps in more than one household, then all members of each household are considered contacts.
– In communities with a high incidence of trachoma, all individuals in the community should be treated with this antibiotic.
– Adults over 40 years of age in communities where trachoma exists should be screened annually for trichiasis. Adults with sore eyes should also be examined for trichiasis. Health services should ensure timely treatment and referral to an eye care professional for anyone with trichiasis.

Early detection and treatment of trachoma are crucial for preventing long-term complications. Regular eye checkups and consulting with the best eye doctor in Ludhiana can help in the early treatment of trachoma.

No Comments

Leave a Reply