What is Presbyopia & it’s Types?

Presbyopia is an age-related condition that reduces a person’s ability to focus on nearby objects and causes a loss of near vision. As we age, the eye’s natural lens becomes harder and less flexible, making it difficult to focus on close-up objects.

Several treatment options are available for presbyopia, and the choice depends on individual needs and preferences. Here are some of the recommended treatments:

Progressive and bifocal eyeglasses: These glasses have lenses with multiple powers to correct vision at different distances. Bifocals have two segments, with one for distance vision and the other for near vision. Progressive lenses offer a smooth transition between far and near fields of vision.

Contact lenses: There are two main types of contact lenses for presbyopia. Monovision lenses have one lens for distance vision and the other for near vision, allowing the brain to adjust automatically. Multifocal lenses have different prescriptions incorporated into each lens to provide sharper vision at different distances.

Corneal inlays: Microscopic implanted lenses called corneal inlays can be surgically inserted into the cornea to correct presbyopia. They are designed to work with the non-dominant eye, allowing the brain to adjust for clear vision. This outpatient procedure is performed by a cornea specialist.

Classic monovision: This technique corrects one eye for distance vision and the other for near vision, either through LASIK or contact lenses. By adjusting the prescription of one eye, sharp vision can be achieved at different distances.
Multifocal LASIK: This laser surgery creates multiple focal points on the cornea, enabling clear vision at various distances. The cornea is adjusted to different powers, similar to a multifocal contact lens.

Refractive lens exchange: Also known as clear lens extraction (CLE), this surgical procedure replaces the eye’s natural lens with an artificial multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) to treat visual abnormalities. It is advisable to consult an eye surgeon for detailed information.

In conclusion, presbyopia is a common vision problem associated with aging. It is important to have regular eye exams and discuss any vision changes with an eye care specialist. Rana Eye Hospital in Ludhiana, Punjab, can assist you in finding the best hospital for your needs.

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